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Full text of "An address delivered by E.M. MacDonald, M.P., at Chicago, November 30, 1915 [microform]"

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1653 East Moin Street 

(716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 
(716) 288 - 5989 - Fox 



E. M. MacD 

At Chicago, Nov 

Nearly a thousand Scots and their 
friends filled the gold room of tl e 
Congress hotel, Chicago, on the even- 
ing of Tuesday, November 30th, on 
the occasion of the 70th St. Andrew's 
day banquet, under the auspices of 
the Illinois St. Andrew society. 

"Distinguished men from both sides 
of the boundary," says The Canadian 
American, "grace:! the speaker's table, 
and contributed to a flow of oratory 
tbat for fluency and sparkle has sel- 




icDonald, M. P., " 

November 30, J9J5. 

if it e 
h. on 
es of 

i sel- 

dom been equalled at any British-Am- 
erican function. Here were seated 
folk of national repute like Hon. 
Joseph G. Cannon, veteran ex-speaker 
of the house of representatives; Hon. 
Richard D. Waugh, mayor of Winni- 
peg; Hon. t:. M. Maedonald, of Pictou, 
•Nova Scotia; Hon. -Colin McRat 
Selph, postmaster of St. Louis; Hon. 
.Tames Schermerhorn. editor of tb*» 
Detroit Times, and Hon. William Hale 
Thompson, mayor of Chicago." 

A whirlwind of cheering and ap- 
^^^^pUuBe ghook the banquet hall, when 
at a dramatics moment the chief mag- 
JstrateH of chkago and Winnipeg 
Hlioo : handH a.roH8 the table In token 
of the mutual good will and fraternity 
that have never been so strong as to- 
day In the minds of the citizens of do- 
minion and ripubllc. 

Toastmaeter Sclph In Introducing 
the orator from Nova Scotia said 

now'saldTh„n'H''^ """« '" y"" J"«t 
now said that I had made a rollKlouH 

society out of you tonlpht: he accS 

"•«°' relying upon the BlWo* Wcll 

<f I dli. r told the truth, bec^nuso I o 

ma-^e ycu both laurh and crj^^'aid 

rtolh.r."""*' •'^''" "•""• R^trolt. can 
'o that to n man In Chicpgo. It iL iro 

'3'" now and go a little further 
norJi from Detroit; we will s„ ln».. 
tlio Old Dominion. I pfes^m to 
you tonight, gentlemen, the HoJ- 

mpth ^^'''^''^ M. M^cdonald a 
member of parliament of the Old Do- 
minion In addition to that d stln^- 
uishe 1 honor he beam th.t of honorafv 
ieutenant colonel of the 78th Hleh- 
lanr'ers. There Is a bond of synpafhy 

The' nffol'rf '''' O"* DomirS and 
in^h fl.^'''*^'' ^^f' 't is exemplified 
lave tho'h"^"*'''^^^ gentleman ? now 
?Arplause'r°'' °' '^''^^^''''^^ '° ^O"- 
Mr. Macdona J. who v/as received 
with immense applause and cheering 
spoke as follows: 

that I should mention to you the fact 
that I am a Scotchmau. You would 
not recognize It by my voire as vou 
would by the voice of my fri'end. ^he 
Mayor of Winnipeg, becaurc thero iS 

.h ! .'i.'""'.""" *"*"'« **"♦"'' never falls 
hat the lowland Scotchman bears the 
Impress of the motherland by the burr 
of his tongue which will always be 
recognized. You would know that I 

donald who hns not been a Scotchman; 
h we who aM- of the Highland race 
flM.M. of us who cher-sh the ancestry 
of the men who lived in the barren 
western highlands, we by some In" 
rcrutable rule of Providence are not 
able to carry with us the impress of 
the mother tongue as .'o the men who 
are the lowlandcrs. And I come to 
you tc night .IS n representative of 
many men who:^e fathers in the olden 

Iffn!. '2"*IV "'' ^"""'^ Pi-^nt^e t:harlle 
"hen Scotland was at war for Scot- 
land 8 sake. 

Mr Toastmaster, gentlemen, fellow- 
nieht^s?o^ "^^ ""* ^""'y to'you to- 

Ke St Ann'^'^'^o*". *^« gentlemen 
or the St. Andrew Society of Chlcaen 

fZ JrMf^P ^°^ ^'"'^e'-e thanSs fo? 
mf fn^*'J!°°°'" ^^*^h they have paid 
fmJ ♦h^"'^"!u"''' ^« ^ brother Scot 
from the northern half of this contin- 

fhio r° ^i*""® ''^'■^ *"n*8ht to Join in 
this festive gathering and to enjoy 
this splendid banquet. I am sure that 
every one of us up to this moment has 
enjoyed every second of this nigK 
festivity; and I want to say to you 
that after hearing the eloquent speech" 
es from my friend, the Mo.yor of w^J 
n.peg. and the dlstinguiched journal- 
ist from Detroit. I think It is but rlSt 

From New Scotland. 

tJr 'i'^'". V' ^"'i ^''°" « part "' the 
fair Dominion of Canada, to which I 

am NO proud to belong, which bears 
a cJistlnction in commemo- 
ration of the old la Id. that far-away 
place, three ('ays' journey from here, 
the most eastern part of this contin- 
ent,— New Scotland. Nova Scotia I 
come from a portion of that fair do- 
minion where came the men who so 
many years ago fought for the lost 

hV^f^', ^^^ "^" '^•'o '^ere inspired 
by their devotion to the Stuart family 
and who In the great di^ys long since 
gone once governed Scotland. And 
I am glad to say to you that I see 

rLi "^°i "® ** t'^'s gathering a 
representative of the clan. They came 
to this;^ new Scotland and they have 
through all the Intervening years pre- 
served their devotion to the language, 
to the mstitutions. to the story and the 
^entiment which has dominated the 

fr!l.J^l"^/^''^i ^"'^ they cherish it 
today, just as they did one hundred and 
nrty years ago. because in that new 
Scotland we are proud of the fact that 
there are more Highlanders today than 
there are to be found in old Scotland 
between John O'Groats and Oban. 

UepreMcntN Cunadian Scots. 
I come to you not as my friend the 



Mayor of Winnipeg iloeH. from MelroRc 
Miltcy. with ali Its illstlnKUlshod IiIk- 
tory and Uh wealth of wonderful 
stories, but I come to you as the reo- 
re«eiitatlve of the Highlanders of Can- 
a'.a. on behalf of forty-five thounan' 
Scots— and representing, as I bellivc 
iiiore Scotchmen than any other man 
In the Parliament of the Dominion I 
want to Eay to you that I represent 
my friend. John Crcrar; you all k-""- 
hfm. Crerar belongs to the wronsr 
H 'e of politics. The good old con- 
stituency of Plctou has done me the 
honor of electing mo to represent It 
In the legislative halls of my country 
for nineteen years, and I perhaps 
misrepresent Crerar in Ottawa. But 
1 am here largely on account of the 
f.'ct. I feel sure, that this old Pic- 
tonian friend of mine was good enough 
to suggest to you Scotchmen of Chi- 
cago that the representative of his old 
home constituency, being a Scotch- 
man, might be asked to join you in 
celebrating St. Andrew's Day. 

Million Men From Laud of Heather. 

I come to you representing not only 
that part of the fair dominion, but 
representing one million sons of the 
old land, of the men who came from 
the land of the heath anrt the heather 
and wht in our land of lae mountain 
and the ike and the land of rushing 
river cherish with the same devotion 
as you. the sons of that same old land 
M fi' *!?f ^■'adltions. all the romance, 
all the history, the song and the in- 
spiration which has carried the 
Scotchman to success wherever he 
has gone throughout this wide world 
And coming here as I do to you to- 
n<ght. an'l speakinp. as I em asked to 
do, to this toast of our dominion to 
the north. I am proud to say to you 
that the Scotchmen in Canada have 
always borne a foremost place In the 
forty-eight years of our national hls- 

Macdonald I'lrst Premier. 

During twenty-nine years of that 
time Scotchmen have ruled In Canada. 
The first great premier of our country 
was a MacDonald; he laid the founda- 
tions of our future; broad and strong 
are those foundations and upon them 
we look forward with confidence and 
certainty to the future of our destiny 
Following him was MacKenzic, a 
Highlander, too; and then again was 

^m^son. like the nan.e of your Rood 
niayor. I aitkod your good mayor t..- 
ntght whether he was a Scucnmcn; I 
told hfm there was a song we had. 
which you all know about Jock 
Taompson s bairns, and I caid to him 

.at ■•omov.her. in his genealogy he 
must trace his anco;;try back there. 

There are a groat many delunions 
in regard to the (luoctlon of the free- 

J.'i'if /'■'m.''""''"'"" "' "»'•«• and to 
u.ilch I will refer later, but for the 

111 -ment I want to emphasize the fact 

I lat the premier of our dominion, the 

leader of the political party of the 

uay, governs the country and is the 

representative for the time being in 

tlie fullest degree of the free people 

in our country. 

2i»th Century Is Canada's. 

One of our great .statecmen. in pay- 
ing a tribute to this great nation to 
N\hich you are so proud to belong, 
spoke of the fact that the nineteenth 
century was the century of the United 
tjtates on this continent, but that the 
twentieth century was Canada's cen- 
tury And I want you gentlemen here 
at the inception of this century to 
recall this statement as many of you 
win live to remember that prediction 
an I realize in the after days the fact 
that this twentieth century has in 
store a future and a destiny for those 
In C auada that many of you can now 
hardly appreciate. 

AlreaJy our trade has gone on 
by leaps and bounds and In the last 
ten years it has doubled; it has gone 
beyond the billion dollar mark; and 
in our agricultural possibilities, had 
I the exact information at hand, which 
my friend, the distinguished Mayor of 
Winnipeg knows. I think I could open 
your eyes quite a little bit wider as 
to the tremendous possibilities In 
store for us. and the wonderful future 
development that is to be ours in 
those western prairies, with their Il- 
limitable production in grain and 
wheat and all those things which are 
regarded by men of other nations aa 
essential to the needs of their people. 

Population Doubled In Twelve Years. 

You may say to me that our popula- 
tion is too small, that It is only eight 
millions. I want to remind you that 
that population has doubled in the 
last twelve .vears. And let me also 

my to you. my frionils. fhof on nrrniml 
of llii« fiici Ihiil our |>o|Miltillon Is 
Mniiill you must not roRnril us wllli 

I-et mf« recull to you ttio fact that nil 
thp HHtions of fhp world whlcti hnvo 
Ipft their Impress throuKh history nn-l 
throuKh timo to the preront ('ay havo 
bcfn thp Kmaltor n:itionH; was It the 
wealth of CliaHpa anil K^ypt which 
pave to the world in after days those 
thlnirs which lived and were not for- 
icotten? Is It not a fact that the 
world owes a debt— whlcn lanf^uaKO is 
utterly Inadequate to exprens. not as 
rejcards condUlons of wealth or pop- 
ulation—to Judea for the religion 
which dominates the world. If 
population Is the only standard for 
the iudgmcrit of the prosperity or 
preatness of a nation, then China 1» 
the greatest nation In the world. IT 
you want to see what the little nations 
have given to the world, go through 
your history to little Athens and you 
will find their civilization don-' .atlng 
the world tot!ay: just as If vou go to 
Rome you will find we got from there 
the jurisprudence that governs the 
world today co-ordinately with that 
equally great Anglo-Saxon jurispru- 
dence. And we look forward with con- 
fidence and certainty to the roaliza- 
tlon of the fact that our nugnificont 
resources of all klnrls will, vhtn peaco 
shall once more come to this vorld, at- 
tract the appreciation of the men ( ! 
the older nations, and Immigration 
will come to Canada in such numbers 
that in the after days we will have ;i 
fully equal half of this great continent. 

No ClaHseN in Canada. 

Vou men of the South l)na?.t of t'lo 
fact that the founders of this country 
In your Declaration of Independence 
asserted that all men are born free 
and equal. Let me say to you that 
we in Canada have not imported Into 
our land any of the class distinctions 
which are to be found where feudal- 
ism reigns. A man may be born, 
through wealth or some other cause. 
In a magnificent castle, overlooking 
half a county; far down in the valley 
in the quiet home of a farmer in our 
land there may spring forth a boy 
from the loins of the agricultural lab- 
orer who, it is our proud boast, has 
the right to win, and has, in our land, 
won the same dl tinction, and even 

grontor disfuictlnn. than has come to 
lilm who was lH)rn In the raHtle, with 
all the favored opportunities surround- 
ing him. 

I want to remind you again of the 
fact because I find wherever I visit 
throughout your great country a curi- 
ous conception as to the conditions of 
government with us. I want to say 
to you In all frankness that we men 
in the northern clime have a greater 
freedom of government than • to be 
four ' In your great country. You 
elec president on the first Tuesday 
in November. When does he take of- 
fice? March of the following year. 
You elect congressmen in November 
as ex-Speaker Cannon was elected 
in November, 1914; when do they 
have the right to speak for "ju 
in your parliament? Not ur.cll 
the following November. — a year 
afterwards, unless perchance the 
president sees fit to call a special 
session of congress. With us the 
donffnant party of the d...- only holds 
office so long as It Is able to command 
a majority in the House of Commons; 
and when it goes to the people, from 
whatsoever cause, to ask them for re- 
newed confidence, if on election day 
it failr to obtain a majority of the 
electoral representatives of the peo- 
ple, inside of two weeks the people's 
will is effective and they do not have 
to wait until the 4th of ?^arch or the 
-•th of November following to put it 
into effect. The reason of the suc- 
cess of our system is that we have 
followed the experience of the con- 
stitutional government of the Anglo- 
Sa.xou race for all the years and that 
constitution has been produced by pre- 
celent based upon precedent. We have 
an iiit;titution of government w' ich 
has Ktood the test of centuries, and 
today we have the fullest measure of 
liberty for the people, the plain peo- 
ple ol our land, accompanied at all 
times with a strong executive that 
every moment responds to the neople's 
will during their holding of cfice. 

'^Canada Is Free." 

So, sir, let me say to you that as 
the result of these conditions and as 
a result of the natural inheritance and 
pos.slbllities that have come to us, 
there is not today a breeze thr.t blows 
over our fair land, stretching as It 
does from one ocean to the other and 



KfimtiT In oxtorU thnn thlw Rrrat r<- 
l.'ihtti iif yi)iirs. of which ydii .iro ko 
prnuil. Ihul doos not btnr with It th.* 
,.,h') oi '• ■ "o which culls to pvcry 
""» of o • to have prido in \in 

poHslbilii .|. utmost conlldfn«-.' 

In Its future. That idea hus hocn well 
••xproHHod in •' ♦ rcKurd l»y ont- of 
our Canadian p^. «, who. wrItinK upon 
the subject, satd: 

"There Is no liind like our land. 

When , nilstreMs of our own. 
We lead the breed of empire 

To Kuard th" ancient throne. 
The old land keeps a welcome, 

And the alien frowns to .see. 
But this land Is our land. 

And Canada i:s free." 

That. Mr. Toastmaster, and Rentlemen, 
Is where this great Canadian land 
stands f) which I am so proud to be- 

The motherland has profited more 
than language can express by the mis- 
take file iiiiide in 1776. Enthralled 
with foreign wars, with state-men 
who, for the time being, were- oc- 
cupied with problems which concern- 
ed the fate of the nation at its center, 
every man of British blood today real- 
izes that the history of the relations 
of the mother country with the United 
States of America, her greatest col- 
ony at that time, is the greatest blot 
on the whole ' " (ory of the British 
Kmplre. But w.. .1 the relief came 
after the wars wt'-e over, and the 
good Queen Victoria canio to the 
throne, with her long i-eign of sixty 
years, there camo a time when a great- 
er concention as to the .Mghts and 
posKihiliiies of the nation over seas 
was born. Thi.t was the time when 
statesmen at 'he council net who 
knew the seasons when to tnke occa- 
sion by the hand and make tho; bounds 
of freedom wider yet. and so it was 
that there came to us in Canada our 
right of responsible government; 
where our free parliament can. with- 
out any veto whatever from the Im- 
perial representative, legislate in ac- 
cordance with whatever the Interests 
of the Canadian people may be: that 
was the ilRht accorded us and which 
we enjoy, and that policy was followed 
wherever the flag flies. Look ut South 
Africa, whore the most complete meas- 
ure of free government has been giv- 

en In l!HHi Oenernl lloiha led 
hie nit II who occupied what was then 
II republic !•■ Sdiiih Afrlta. the most 
Mir<»-i lul general 111 the army which 
toutrUt araiiisl (Jreal Britain then; 
iiiimeiliati !y after the wir was over 
there was k1v<ii to South Africa the 

Millie fi Kovernnn-nt that vve In '. an- 

u la enjoy. Anil today on that great 
< Miitinerii, v\l,ere ilie Intere its of our 
•tnplre were inipi Uled then, who i.s 
It thar leads the ..rniy ol our nation 
against the foe' Who hut this nii':i 
who only (Iftee short year^ ago might 
be deemed to he u rebel ailu was the 
niiiii WHO led the enemies of CJrea» 
Britain ami who fought aculnst the 
empire on I he Held. 

.\iiierlcti KIrol iiiitl l,Mi«t. 

I want to say to you. represent- 
ing as you do this (.pleiidid nietro- 
polltan city of the middle west, a city 
typic; • of your great nation, where 
cathered here from all part.-^^ of the 
old world iiie men of every race and 
speech, where you >tre perf( P'^ng u 
t.isk of buililliig together a ,. ity of 
sentinieni and nalionai splr'. there 
slio'ihj he a IVelliik' that lln' men 
who live on this si;le of the 
water sli.iuld have one aim In 
comrion. no matter from what land 
Miey ( onie or wl at speech they have 
learn<'(l. and shoulu be animated by the 
Idea that you are American^ always. I 
earnestly want you to understand what 
a splendid conception of government 
we have in that northern country of 
ours, and how it is we are able to 
govern ourselves as we do and to 
11 ok forward to the huild'ng up in the 
northern ha' of the continent, of a 
nation apart from but friendly to your 
nation with just as much freedom and 
as complete representati-e govern- 
ment as you tc the south enjoy. 

No Oiebration in Cuiiadu. 

But. my frie .Is, this is S.. Andrew's 
Day. and I do not know that it would 
Irr (' been possible for me to have ac- 
<'e,)ted your generoi: invitation to 
tome I'.ere were it not lor the fact 
that we are not celebrating St. .\n- 
ilrew's Day in Canada this year. True 
you liave had commemorative :• le- 
grams from St. Andrew Societies 
throughout our lanil, as .-cad by oui- 
Toaslmasttr tonight, but from Sydne/ 

?o< r;?,Xl°«"J |-«d<n« ,he band, o? 

ror'r arc*', 'Id;' e?.;; ':^r:^rZ t; 

rtookInK to tho BUndnrd. and thore u 
..r» „f . ' * ■"' f'^en the pleaR- 

otherwlHe I wr.d'^hat V^^' aTSo 
with my own brother Scotchmen il^ 
oy»ng the «elobrat«on8 wh oh Te have' 

And I want to sav to vn in <i.i 
connection that we 1,'; "anaua were 

Kn .1 o thlK war: It w.s not u„tn 

(;a.mdianH r ,. tSkt ^a^'Lla„^ceffi 
rose upon this .,uo8tlon. And so w 
«« in th.. old days, when the flory 

InTh/?/ .""T »'«^<"«nd to hea-lland 
n the old land and the clanH rallied 

- , ^.?To"fl1h"/ '"!."• '^hiefUIn 'a„1 
,. """ to nght and do or die ho 

out rZ'T ^^l" «°"« '""h thrmigh- 

"I oin cfcotland are rallv'rir ♦#> .i,- 
standard and goln^ forfrtolight Z 
M?.'r ^'^"^ '^"^y believe to bo 
Mv fHl"V o" "' J"'''**"^ '^nd freedom 
haH S,*^' '•"' ™"y°'"' ^"o ««t8 by me 
1, ...''', 5"'" ''<• haH two bovR 

J^t 'Jo>. has donned the kilts of 
hlH ancestors and joined a Highland 
H*iS*"^ ^hich was formed among the 
^rl* V" o^^" ^''0 had been the follow! 
tll°lF''['"'^ ^"""e and which wis 

«,,»„.r .^V" *be front inside of two 
tTCJ'fheVg^h^.^ '°'- "^** »»« •>«»-" 

It ■>. ">*rv iiMiM men wh') i H«y 

a nation which wmiM h„ *^' *'•'"* 
evermore, helped tl at" "ve^hre 

Ha''nc;;Tav: rd'.'^^T ^^^ -"^ 

But Not Forced to Fight. 

tha^t"our7,"n«H.'^V° y°"' »y "-'^nds. 
inai our Canadian boys are not eoine- 

because somebody has told °hem to 

That, my friends, was the feeiin- 
whlch animated your %re«? «! ' 
when your men fought *a„T died "Jo 

« fch is animating the youn» ('«^ 

htr^rl!^ ' Germany succeeded in 
tuts great contest. That is whv m« 
friends, the Mayor's boys and my iSy 
have gone off; they owe no tribute to 

to'go'Tt' Hou^lV """'^ ^«"^«™ 

tSu\r rZTht^sL^riir^ zi 

""land Ally years ago. "We «r« 

ardThou^i'r ^•"•*'''"" thre?hS;! 

areu thousand strong." So we r»Ti 
a d'"o7tie'oTdrnd"^ "^ ^olnrto"^??; 

be there in the day of victory 

I have ventured to dwell on 
this subject because I St" .k"" 

fhTr'"^..**" a representative S 
the Canadian people here in this great 

that you should know somethinar of 
he aspirations, something of the feel 
ngs which dominate the people in 
that great nation to the north I re" 
member that in the olden dav« L« 
were spoken of as a colony; Se'dayS 




unrtpr thr profc^n of conHtltutional de- 
velopment which ramp In the Vl«- 

«'nj..yi (ortfcy In the rmplre In not that 
of a rolnny. hut In .!,at of u dominion 
In an cmplrn. Mharl.iR in «'i|ual rIghtH 
and prIvllPBPH alon* with AnHtralla. 
Mouth Afrli H. and th.. mother land It- 
■elf, all those rIffhtN and prlvlle^.N 
wh "h Ko u, make up « .omhlnatlon 
whtrh forms the empire of whlrh we 
are JuKt an nniih a part bh are the 
IslandN of (;reat Britain and Ireland, 
from whi' h our forefatherN rame. 

Natural IVarr.lntrrN. 

I am (turn thoNc of you who 
»lve „„ ,|,U Amrrhan rontlnent 
you Scotchmen who Imvo ,oni.- 
»nd thrown in your lot hi-re with the 
peopl.. who llv.. south of this ImiiKln- 
'iry line f..rni."l by th.. St Lawrenr.. 
mver and tho (Jroat Inkes. who renli/.. 
that we who ii. n.tfurally a p.iMo- 
lovtnR people, th. we have a ('rstlny 
lo work out. a futurr to ho attained 
no matfor whether our nag Ih the old 
"aK of Britain or the Ktara anrt 
stripes, let mc fell you that your past 
'•H a nation is very Hinillar tr. the one 
that was wrought out by the nation 
w« are so proud to be associated with 
The men who forme'! the Aniflo-Saxon 
race are men wlio came from a com- 
liosito people; they were Angles and 
Saxons and Jutes and .Vormans- they 
were Welshmen. Scotchmen. Irishmen, 
all of them welded together by a com- 
mon language, a common history, a 
common aspiration, which in process 
of time went to make up the great 
Anglo-Saxon race which colonized this 
continent of America two hundred 
years ago to Virginia and Massa- 
chusetts. Those were the sons 
or the men who made up that 
composite race which makes what 
^•e call today the British Em- 
pire; the task of welding and unit- 
"B them by a common sentiment and 
language was one which was wrought 
out by our forefathers by the sub- 
orllnation of interests, bv the Riving 
away of differences an! \vlping out of 
dividing lines. Here in the I'nitcl 
States of America you have the same 
tjiHlc your fatliers wrought across 
the oce!>n; here in this land of free- 
• lom you have men who came fiom 
Great Britain, you have men who came 

from all partN of the rontlnent of Ku- 
rope. Np«>aklnR different language* 
coming Into your great cHles; of what 
UHc will your future b«. unlesN those 
men forntet the lines upon which they 
are divided acroNH the ocean id they 
get t.wther • y prtMess of time to 
a re».|lzatl<m of the ict that their 
'Itny lies v ith the land that In the 
land of their home and the land of 
their children, the land where th 
have come to make a livelihood. an>. 
that first and above all. the«r duty 
must Im. with that land, that they must 
be Americans first, last and all the 

.Men «r K»prj >a(iHnallt). 

So we In ( nnnd.i have the Name 
task; we are only r< peatlnR the his- 
tory (.r the urii'.l ■ iilon from which 
your laiiKuai'e i ours has come 
we have got men i.f every nationality, 
.lust as you have; wo have got the 
FrcM,!, ,n gueliee who are Inj-plred bv 
• hr- nuniories of .mmny F'rance. anil 
who speak that languuKe and who are 
anlmeted by the same aspirations and 
afrected by all the considerations that 
appeal to people of the Gallic race 
And so on throughout the country we 
have men of all nations and languages 
We have the embryo of the problem 
which yru have yet to solve; we in 
Canada are watching to see how you 
will solve It. If the men who come to 
this land do not forg-^i their old 
prejudices, do not realize what their 
duty is, as I trust all you Scotchmen 
have done, to give allegiance to the 
land where their home is. I say. If 
they have not done that, then these 
great Tnited States will have failed 
In their mission and you will not have 
that unity which is so vitally neces- 
sary to make of your country what" 
you would wish it to be. We in Can- 
ada are working out the Fame prob- 
lem with our diversified races and 
religions scattered all over our vast 
country: we are hoping and believing 
that as the days go by there will be 
that unity of sentiment, so that a man 
no matter from what province or state 
he comes, no matter how proud he 
may be of his ancestry, will be 
proud lirst of all that he is a son of 
Caua'a. livinj; in and doing all ho 
«:"n to build up the ("anadiaii nation, 
ir we can nc-impiish that this war 
will not have been in vain; justice 

and frecrlom as wr understand it. and 
ns you men in tiie United States under- 
itand it, must win in tliis conflict; 
that is as certain as tliat the verities 
"f truth and faith will ultimately pre- 
Miil. This tw;^nliotli century does not 
I'-ook the continuance of an autocracy 
it alnst the povernn-ent of a free peo- 
?!''• anywhere on this e.-iith. And, my 
friends, when Canada's sons shall liave 
come hon.e p.^ain we win believe that 
the ahf^ent ones will not have dlel in 
vain, those of them who will have left 
their hones in Flankers, or the "„i!- 
kans. or the Dardanelles. After your 
c'vil War wa.-; over your country ha-I 
a revival of patriotism, a stronirer 
realization of what 1Iie verities wen-, 
of what the necessities of nationhool 
were, an-! as for tliiity years you ha-l 
the march of that marvelous prosrress 
which has made yours almost the 
Kre^test nation in tho worh' to lay. 
because \-our people vere inspired by 
a nev,- frecvjom anil a renlization of 
what your rights and possibilitii'- 
were, just as l/ncoln outlined them 
almost at the in :>tion of t'le war. 
so we in Canada look for and believe 
that after this conflict is over, when 
tho battle flairs are fur'ed and the 
boys come home again, that in on- 
land there vil! be a deeper rea'- 

priviieces whu'ii 

izat'on of those 
iiave cenie to us almost un- 
souRht. without dilTicr.lties such as 
existed in your country before your 
fre(> om was atlaineri, f -r ours, iiave 
come alone; almost without a realiza- 
tion that thoy arrived and a develop- 
ment wliich will even exceed your 
splendid progress. The war will bring 
a deeper appreciation of those things 
anfl T hope and believe that the senti- 
ments; which were expres.-ed by your 
great president in his second inaugur- 
al addre;;s which he gave at Washing- 
ton only a short time before the as- 
sassination, when the world and your 
country were deprived ;/f his .rjreat 
services, are those which will domin- 
ate our people when this terrible war 
is over. Lincoln then said that tho 
duty of the American people "was 
"malice toward none, with charity to- 
"ward all, with firmness in the fight 
"as God gives us to see the right; let 
"us strive to finisa the work we are 
"in, to bind up the nation's wounds, 
"to care for him who has borne the 
"battle and for bis widow and for bis 

"orphans, to do all tbat we may 
"achieve a just and lasting peace 
"anioHK ourselves and with all na- 

I'niiid of Anirlo-MaxoiiN. 

That will be the set purpose of the 
proat nation to the north, to which 
1 am so proud to belouB. And I would 
say to you again, speaking the same 
laiifniage tliat I do, cherishing as we 
do tlip l.'nguage and history of the 
Anglo-Saxon race from Boadicca down 
to Goorire V. animated by the memory 
of the glorious men who fought and 
(lied ill tlie intervening period, glory- 
ing in all the literature and all the 
arts and the distinctions which have 
boin won by that race during all that 
I)(!rio:l. we in the north, reading as we 
do your Longfellow and your Whittier, 
their poems and songs are found 
in our sdiools and are read by our 
clii^ldren an;l are gloried in as among 
tne most ^■pU'nriid achievements of tlie 
Knglii-h Innguage, and studying as we 
have in the north the utterances of 
your gveat statesmen and cherishing 
their wonderful orations, from Web- 
ster to Mr.'ivinley, I hope that these 
two great nations lying sidt by side 
will ever vie with each other in the 
cause of peace, that we will march 
along tlie path of time, each within 
our ov.i'. sphere, each seeking for that 
whicli \:\ gool within the other, and 
each admiring that which is best in 
the other. If we do that we will in the 
end be able to hasten the realization 
of the time spoken o2 by that great 
Scottish poet, whose songs and words 
are sung and spoken wherever Scotch- 
men be: 

"When man to man the world o'er, 
Shall brithers be for a.' that."